Coworking & Flex Space

How to Claim Home Office Tax Deduction 2023

Christoph Fahle
July 31, 2023
 min read

As the number of remote workers and self-employed individuals rises, many are exploring coworking spaces as flexible and productive alternatives. Meanwhile, understanding home office tax deductions for 2023 – such as the lump sum introduced in 2020, has become increasingly essential in helping to optimize your taxes. This post will look into all aspects related to this deduction. Exploring eligibility criteria, calculation methods and any other important details that could save you money on your taxes.

Short Summary

  • Understand eligibility criteria, calculation methods and special considerations for claiming home office tax deductions in 2023.
  • Eligibility for deduction beyond the lump sum of 1.260 requires exclusive and regular use of a separate room in one’s home for business purposes.
  • Maximize deduction by performing periodic reviews of expenses, keeping accurate records & filing taxes punctually.

Understanding Home Office Tax Deduction in 2023

Tax Documents and Forms

In 2020, the federal government in Germany took into consideration consultations with the tax office and introduced a tax deductible lump sum to cover increased energy costs, heating expenses, as well allowable expenses such as internet use for those working from home.

Remote work that has become commonplace amongst both self-employed individuals and employees alike these days. So it is valid to say that the authorities try to accomodate this new situation and provided a flexible lump sum for everbody working from home. There are scenarios though where even costs beyond the lumps um can be reimbursed. An example here would be, to check if parts of the rental expense for your house or flat is deductible or electricity bills can be taken into account.

Changes in Tax Laws

Tax deductions for home offices have been impacted by changes to taxation law, both affecting business owners and their employees. n general in Germany, in 2023, the amount of Grundfreibetrag will be raised up to 10,908 euros, which also affects income-related costs like work from home expenses when it comes down to taxable income calculation.

Additionally Employees can deduct a certain sum each calendar day spent working remotely but only within limits specified - this is known as “home office lump sum” allowance too.

Impact on Employees and Self-Employed Individuals

Employees working from home are eligible for home office deductions as well as those running part-time businesses from their residence. It is advised that self employed individuals also take advantage of this if they meet the qualifications necessary. In Germany, there exists an allowance of EUR 6 per calendar day and up to 210 days as well as a total sum limit within one year at EUR 1.260 in order to deduct work related expenses incurred during remote employment hours. Higher costs over 1,260 Euro can also be deducted with appropriate documentation provided and if you can proof that you have an independent room in your home that you only use as an office for your work.

Eligibility Criteria for full Home Office Tax Deduction

Working from the "Home Office"

In order to calculate the amount of your home office tax deduction, it is essential that you are aware and meet certain conditions such as exclusive utilization of a single person distinct area in your house solely for business use.

The criteria regarding this must be followed carefully so as not to miss out on potential deductions related to home office and working from home. We’ll explain how these requirements can affect one’s tax return with regards to using their homes or rooms for professional activity commercial reasons.

Exclusive Use

A desk in the living room does not count as "Exclusive Use"

Exclusive use is necessary for claiming home office tax deductions beyond the lump sum, meaning a specific part of the house needs to be used solely and consistently for professional purposes. It’s critical not to ignore this exclusive use requirement since it has an impact on being able to get deductions from your home office setup.

If any non-business activities take place in there (such as children doing homework), you cannot qualify anymore since that would go against the rule regarding exclusive usage.

Regular Use

As a business owner, in order to claim the home office tax deduction for 2023 beyond the lumpsum, exclusive use and consistent utilization is compulsory. Even though there are exceptions when both personal and professional purposes are served from one part of your residence, they happen rarely. You must solely utilize it as an official workplace regularly.

Calculating Your Home Office Tax Deduction

Caculating Rent and other Shared Costs

Now that you’re aware of the conditions for eligibility, let’s examine how to calculate your home office tax deduction.

In upcoming sections we will explain the types of costs that you can deduct and how you calculate them correctly.

Actual Expenses

If you want to use the actual expenses rather than the lump sum method you are responsible for calculating all of the costs associated with their home office, such as utilities, rent and insurance. Any direct expenditures made on things specifically pertaining to your workspace can be deducted in full from taxes. Meanwhile, a portion of indirect spending incurred by overall household matters like mortgage interest, housing protection premiums or general upkeep could also be taken off depending on how much area is used up by business-related activities. For accuracy’s sake, it’s recommended that one save evidence like receipts so that these payments may have proof when it comes time for tax returns and declarations. This approach takes more effort but might give you a bigger deduction relying upon specific cases.

Types of Expenses

There are various types of expenses that you can consider when calculating your home office deduction. Some costs can be deducted directly in full, while others are proportionally allocated based on the space your home office occupies.

  1. Furniture and Equipment: Expenses related to office furniture and equipment such as desks, shelves, and chairs can be deducted directly in full. This means you can write off the entire cost of these items in the year they were purchased.
  2. Renovation Costs: If you've had to renovate a space to turn it into your home office, these costs can also be deducted directly in full. This can include expenses such as painting, installing new flooring, or adding necessary fixtures.
  3. Construction Costs: If you've had to add a new room or make significant alterations to your home to accommodate your home office, these costs can also be deducted directly in full.

The remaining costs are generally apportioned based on the percentage of your home that the office occupies:

  1. Rent: If you rent your home, you can deduct a portion of your monthly rent based on the size of your home office as a percentage of your home's total square footage.
  2. Depreciation: If you own your home, you can take a depreciation deduction for the portion of your home used for business.
  3. Utilities and Home Maintenance: You can also deduct a portion of your utility costs — such as electricity, heating, and garbage collection — based on the percentage of your home used for your home office.

Remember to keep good records of all these expenses, as you may need to provide them if your tax return is audited.

Expenses for Coworking Spaces

Coworking at betahaus | Kreuzberg

For those who struggle to create a dedicated workspace at home or simply prefer a change of environment, coworking spaces offer a viable solution. They provide a professional environment equipped with all the amenities you need to work productively. The best part is that the expenses for coworking spaces are fully tax-deductible for frelancers and business owners. Employees can ask their Employer for reimbursement.

If you're using our coworking memberships, the cost of the membership can be deducted from your taxable income. Our membership grants you instant access to a range of coworking spaces, providing you with flexibility and choice. This can be an effective strategy to manage your work-related expenses, and an excellent opportunity for those without an exclusive office space at home.

Reporting Home Office Deductions on Your Tax Return

In Germany, tax deductions related to home office expenses are typically reported on your Einkommensteuererklärung (income tax return). Specifically, these deductions should be listed in the section for Werbungskosten (business expenses), which is part of the Anlage N form.

Here are the steps:

  1. Anlage N: This form is used to report income from employment. It includes a section for Werbungskosten, or business expenses, where you should list your home office expenses.
  2. Werbungskosten: In this section, you can list your home office expenses. If the total amount of your Werbungskosten is less than the standard deduction of 1,000 euros, it might not be necessary to itemize your expenses. However, if your expenses are higher, you should list them out.
  3. Proof of Expenses: Keep all receipts and documentation related to your home office expenses. You don't need to submit these with your tax return, but you should keep them in case the Finanzamt (German tax office) requests proof of your expenses.

Remember, tax laws and forms can change, so it's important to use the most recent forms and follow the latest guidelines when filing your tax return. It's always a good idea to consult with a tax professional if you're unsure about any aspect of your taxes.

Recordkeeping Requirements

Taxpayers must keep records of their home office expenses, including receipts and invoices, for at least three years following the filing of a tax return. This evidence can help to prove that deductions are warranted and accurate in terms of size fixed location (square footage) as well as exclusive use strictly related to business activities. Having proper documentation helps taxpayers optimize savings from claiming these deductions on their taxes.

Tips for Maximizing Your Home Office Tax Deduction

Folders with Tax Documents

It is essential to remain audit-ready when calculating your home office tax deduction. Reviewing and keeping up with any expenses connected to the workplace can guarantee accurate deductions come tax time. Here, we will share some tips on how often you should review such costs for a successful outcome in claiming the allowance.

For an efficient approach towards attaining all of the benefits from your taxable residence space, it’s smart to do periodic reviews of relevant expenditures while ensuring that everything pertinent has been documented appropriately - this way you’ll benefit from maximised deductions as allowed by taxation law!

Audit Preparedness

To stay prepared for any potential audit and ensure the valid deduction of costs incurred in relation to running a home office, it is essential that meticulous records are kept. This documentation should cover all fees such as mortgage interest, rent and office supplies. Filing taxes accurately and on time will also assist with audit queries concerning your deductions. To guarantee you are not claiming too much or missing anything completely when deducting expenses associated with this space, keep diligent track of spending related to the office set-up at home.

Periodic Review of Expenses

Properly documenting all home office expenses is necessary for claiming the best possible tax deduction in 2023. This includes keeping track of rent or mortgage payments, utilities, insurance premiums, and any maintenance costs related to your work space. Periodically reviewing these expenses will help you make use of every applicable home office deduction while minimizing potential audit issues down the road. It’s important that you store copies of receipts, invoices and other evidence proving each expense incurred by your business setup at home so as not to miss out on favourable deductions when filing taxes.


When it comes to home office tax deductions in 2023, for self-employed individuals who want to maximize their savings on taxes, getting an understanding of the details is key. Being knowledgeable about requirements and calculating methods along with any special considerations are ways you can get the most out of your deductions while reducing how much you owe in taxes. To ensure this happens efficiently, keep track of expenses, document information correctly and confer with a taxation specialist so that all benefits from these applicable reductions will be realized.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is work from home tax deductible in Germany?

For the year 2023, a deduction of up to €1,260 can be made for home office expenses with the Home Office Lump Sum credit. This lump sum is set at €6 per day worked, limited to 210 days. If you have been working from home regularly during this time period, documents such as signed statements from employers or contracts should accompany your application as proof. This adjustment to the lump sum and number of days reflects the changing work-from-home landscape and the increasing need for accommodating home office setups.What is the home office deduction in Germany?

Income related expenses (in 2023) can be claimed up to 6 Euros a day under the Home Office-Pauschale, with an annual maximum of 210 days for those who have valid tax numbers and are employed. This deduction is specifically intended as a way to save money on office costs associated with working from home. It’s important to note that only income related expenditures qualify, and there’s no option to claim expenses exceeding the capped amount of six euros per day for this lump sum.

How can I reduce my tax in Germany?

It is important to be aware of the various tax allowances and deductions available in Germany, which can help reduce your overall tax liability. These include income-related expenses lump sums, a basic flat rate and tax free allowance for commuters as well as home office related costs such as a special lump sum reimbursement or volunteer work deductions.

In order to make sure you are making full use of these options when filing taxes, it is necessary to conduct research into each type so that they may be applied accordingly and optimally utilised towards reducing the amount owed on taxes. The effort taken will undoubtedly result in appreciable savings come end-of-year payments!

What are the primary eligibility criteria for home office tax deductions?

In order to claim home office tax deductions beyond the lump sum, you need a space that is specifically used for work and not any other purpose. This area must be utilized exclusively for business activities on a regular basis and should ideally be set aside in its own distinct room or other fixed location within the residence. It goes without saying that this dedicated section of your house has to serve as an office - either part or full-time, before it can qualify for associated reductions when filing taxes.

What is the difference between the "home office Pauschale" and actual cost method for calculating home office deductions?

In Germany, you can calculate your home office deductions using the "Home Office Pauschale" method or the actual cost method. The "Home Office Pauschale" allows a flat-rate deduction of 6 Euros per day for up to 210 days worked from home, with no need for detailed expense records. However, it caps the deduction at 1,260 Euros per year. The actual cost method, while requiring meticulous record-keeping, allows for the deduction of real costs associated with your home office, including both direct and indirect expenses. This method may yield a larger deduction if your home office expenses are high.


This blog post is intended to provide a general understanding of the home office tax deduction in Germany for 2023. However, tax laws are complex and can change frequently. Therefore, this information should not be used as legal, accounting, or tax advice. Each individual's tax situation is unique, and the information provided here may not apply to everyone. Please consult with a tax professional or conduct your own research to ensure that you are making the right decisions for your specific circumstances.

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